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If you often feel thirsty slotxo Even though drinking water all the time Or going to the toilet, urinating often That could be a warning sign of insipidus, which is caused by a breakdown of the water balance in the body. Long-term treatment without proper treatment can negatively affect your health in the long run. Hello, the doctor will bring you to know more about diabetes insipidus.
Get to know Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes Insipidus is an abnormality in the body's water balance. Which this abnormality of the water balance in the body Resulting in patients feeling thirsty all the time It also causes the body to produce large amounts of urine.
However, in severe cases it can result in patients urinating as much as 20 liters / day, usually in the average healthy population of only 1-2 liters / day.
Causes of Insipidus
The cause of insipidus occurs when the body is unable to properly balance the water in the body. With different causes depending on the type of insipidus as follows
Central diabetes insipidus
Caused by disorders of the pituitary gland The body cannot secrete the hormone Arginine vasopressin (Arginine vasopressin: AVP) enough to meet the needs. Resulting in a large amount of urine output Which causes brain malfunctions May be caused by infection Meningitis Cerebrovascular disease, etc.
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Caused by kidney disorders Causing the kidneys to not reabsorb water back Affect the efficiency of water absorption control Which leads to a lot of water in the urine
Frequent urination, frequent drinking, warning signs of insipidus
Most people with diabetes insipidus have constant thirst. Even after drinking a lot of water They also urinate frequently, especially at night. Including in young children with insipidus Will have the following symptoms
Diapers are frequently wet.
Wetting the bed
Have trouble sleeping
Have a fever
Slower than normal body growth
Unusual weight loss
How to treat insipidus
Initially, the doctor will ask about the patient's history and symptoms. The treatment method for insipidus depends on the individual cause and symptoms. Most of them will focus on modifying the patient's behavior to reduce the amount of urine each day. Including other methods of treatment as follows
Drugs to reduce diuretics Your doctor may prescribe desmopressin. (Desmopressin) to reduce diuretic It is available as a spray, a tablet, and a nasal drop. (The doctor will recommend as appropriate for the patient)
Treatment of patients with insipidus caused by kidney disease Because patients with renal insufficiency are caused by the kidneys failing to respond to the brain's secretion of the hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP), the doctor will advise the patient to drink plenty of fluids. To avoid dehydration In the case of patients with very mild symptoms Your doctor will recommend reducing your salt and protein intake. So that the kidneys produce less urine
If the patient has severe symptoms, the doctor may recommend a thiazide diuretic in combination with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs: NSAIDs) to help reduce the amount of urine produced by the kidneys.